District Profile

General census and Agricultural and allied census

Auraiya district situated in central Uttar Pradesh. The creation took place on Sept. 17, 1997. The District constituted with 3 Tehsil (Auraiya, Ajimal & Bidhuna) and 7 Blocks (Arwakatra, Bidhuna, Achhalda, Sahar, Ajitmal, Bhagya Nagar and Auraiya). KVK established in June 2007 at Parwaha village in Bhagya Nagar block of Auraiya District.

District Auraiya is located in the central plain zone (zone V) of Uttar Pradesh on Kanpur – Etawah Highway (NH-2). It is bounded on the north by the district of Kannauj; western border adjoins Tehsil - Bharthana of Etawah district and the Gwalior. The east frontier marches with the district of Kanpur Dehat and along the south lie Jalaun. The district lies between 26.210 to 27.010 north latitude and 78.450 to 79.450 east longitude and forms a part of the Kanpur division. The total areas of the District Auraiya is 2054 km2 and support the population of 1.179 million people as well more than 6.80 lakhs of the livestock. The soils of District are clay, loam, sandy loam and sandy. The soils broadly affected by salinity, sodicity and ravines. In low laying beds of clay the water is collect during the rains and rice crop can be grown easily in these areas. The average annual rainfall in district is about 792 mm. The temperature varies from 30C to 460C.

Based on SREP report, groups approach survey, soil, topography extent & feasibility of irrigation and cropping pattern, the District can be divided in to 4 agro ecological situations.


S.N. Name of AES Name of Representative Village Name of Block Covered
1 AES – I Madhapur i. Auraiya
ii. Ajitmal
2 AES – II Naglapathak i. Bhagyanagar
ii. Sahar
3 AES – III Udaipur i. Arwakatra
ii. Bidhuna
4 AES – IV Aunto Achhalda

Important features of District farming system.

  1. Agriculture is a prime sector of District. The main crops of district are Paddy, wheat, Bajra, pulses crop and mustard in all AES.
  2. In the district horticulture is also important feature, in this enterprise mango, aonla, guava, papaya, potato tomato, garlic & petha are important crops.
  3. Cow, buffaloes and goat are main milch of district.

Profile of the District

S.N. Particulars Details
1 Geographical area (km2) 2016
2 Population as per 2011 census
Male
Female
13,79,545
7,40,040
6,39,505
3 Population Density (km2) 684
4 Sex Ratio (2011) 856
5 Decades Population Growth Rate 16.91
6 Literacy Rate (%)
Male
Female
78.95
86.11
70.61
7 No of Tehsil 03
8 No. of Developmental blocks 07
9 No. of Nayay Panchayats 75
10 No. of Gram Panchayats 441
11 No. of Village
No. of Habitant Villages
No. of Inhabitant Villages
841
776
65
12 No. of Veterinary hospitals 12
13 No. of Artificial insemination centres 21
14 No. of primary health centres 06
15 Agriculture
Net cultivated area (ha)
Area sown more then once (ha)
Net irrigated area (ha)
-
1,41,218
76,349
1,10,275
16 Agriculture production (mt.) (2005-06)
Food grain (mt.)
Sugarcane (mt.)
Oilseeds (mt.)
21699.96
5676.5
1739.5
11731.12
84641
17 Weather
Annual Rainfall (mm)
Temperature ( 0C )
Minimum
Maximum
-
819.00
-
2.2
44.4
18 Average size of land holding (ha) 0.84
19 Cropping intensity (%) 164

Major farming systems/enterprises (based on the analysis made by the KVK)

S.N. Farming system/enterprise
1 Paddy-wheat –fallow
2 Bajra-wheat-fallow
3 Maize- toria- wheat- Fallow
4 Paddy-wheat-dhaincha, Paddy-wheat-moong
5 Okra-vegetable pea-colocasia/cucurbits
6 Paddy-wheat –Fodder jowar
7 Paddy-Barseem

Description of Agro-climatic Zone & major agro ecological situations (based on soil and topography)

Agro-Climatic Zone Characteristics Agro-Ecological Situation Agro-Ecological Situation
Central Plain Zone (Zone-IV) Tremendous flooded during the rainy seasons and miseries to the human and animal population.

Soil Type

S.N. Soil Type Characteristics Area in ha
1 Clay The soils are broadly affected by salinity, sodicity and ravines. Besides these are found everywhere low-lying beds of clay in which water collects during the rains and rice can be grown. 141218
2 Clay Loam The soils are broadly affected by salinity, sodicity and ravines. Besides these are found everywhere low-lying beds of clay in which water collects during the rains and rice can be grown. 141218
3 Loam The soils are broadly affected by salinity, sodicity and ravines. Besides these are found everywhere low-lying beds of clay in which water collects during the rains and rice can be grown. 141218
4 Sandy The soils are broadly affected by salinity, sodicity and ravines. Besides these are found everywhere low-lying beds of clay in which water collects during the rains and rice can be grown. 141218
5 Loam The soils are broadly affected by salinity, sodicity and ravines. Besides these are found everywhere low-lying beds of clay in which water collects during the rains and rice can be grown. 141218

Area, Production and Productivity of major crops cultivated in the district 2014-15

S.N. Crop Area (ha) Production (Qtl) Productivity (Qtl /ha)
1 Paddy 6100 14792 27.69
2 Wheat 14584 24.75 28.03
3 Bajra 6400 8000 12.50
4 Gram 5000 5000 10.00
5 Mustard 6100 5490 9.00
6 Sugarcane 1000 - 567.65

Weather Data

Month Rainfall (mm) Temperature C Relative Humidity (%)
April, 2014 - Maximum : 37.7
Minimum : 18.2
-
May, 2014 5 Maximum : 39.8
Minimum : 23.16
-
June, 2014 26 Maximum : 41.6
Minimum : 25.70
-
July, 2014 276 Maximum : 34.58
Minimum : 24.58
-
August, 2014 185 Maximum : 34.54
Minimum : 24.19
-
September, 2014 101 Maximum : 33.6
Minimum : 26.60
-
October, 2014 76 Maximum : 31.54
Minimum : 18.6
-
November, 2014 0 Maximum : 28.82
Minimum : 13.89
-
December, 2014 13 Maximum : 20.90
Minimum : 6.41
-
January, 2015 29 Maximum : 18.19
Minimum : 6.67
-
February, 2015 28 Maximum : 26.57
Minimum : 15.67
-
March, 2015 80 Maximum : 30.0
Minimum : 15.67
-

Production and productivity of livestock, Poultry, Fisheries etc. in the district

Category Population Production C Productivity/ Animal
Cattle
Crossbred 9771 4.935 (000Mt.) 6.03 Lt.
Indigenous 78282 17.584 (000Mt.) 2.076 Lt.
Buffalo 232799 95.175 (000Mt.) 3.675 Lt.
Sheep 16276 7.009 (000Kg. wool) 1.05 Kg. wool
Goats 245794 16.446 (000Mt.) 0.703 Lt.
Pigs 9715
Rabbits 240
Poultry 45511